Industrial Green Chemistry World

Profitability from Industrial Green Chemistry and Engineering

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IGCW-Green Innovation awards 2013

For companies small or big, many aspects like finance and opportunities play a big role. In a country like India, that is so diverse, it harbors a number of small and mid sized businesses that are profitable, there are some that lose their spark in the rat race. These are our golden eggs ready to be hatched, if they are incubated in the right way. This is where innovators and entrepreneurs can make them rise and shine and take them to an entire new level of professional victory, without losing their thirst to come up with extraordinary technologies. Technology brings advancements in various facets of life and meeting our needs apace. With increasing competition in this global environment, opportunities to grow correspond to development of new technologies. Innovations gives rise to economic opportunities, in turn providing impetus to these companies. With this it is clear that novel approaches rather than mere profitability will help in long term gains.

With Green Chemistry and Engineering fairly at its industrial infancy in India and growing at a huge pace, public recognition goes a long way into motivating the people in this field to continue their desire towards the journey they have undertaken. Recognition gives a huge morale boost for small and medium-sized enterprises, a much needed propellant. It is when these enterprises grow, that our society in general grows, since these enterprises are a entire world in themselves.

IGCW-Green Innovation awards will help others discover such companies and recognize them, appreciating their struggle in the Indian market. Awards not only support and encourage their achievements by working as a credible endorsement to enhance reputation and generate growth, but is a great way to gain recognition from industry, showing the world that you’re one of the best in the field. It will help companies get a renewed access to markets. Not to mention, it is a fantastic way to promote Green Chemistry and Engineering. When these awards will be bestowed to the deserving, is where we begin to reflect back and move on with a kindled spirit.

IGCW-Green Innovation awards are presented biennially in recognition of outstanding scientific contributions by Organizations / Individuals who have :

  • used the principles of green chemistry in their business
  • applied clean and sustainable technology,
  • have improved efficiency,
  • reduced waste and / or
  • produced safer chemicals.

On the 1st day of Symposium, IGCW-Green Innovation awards will bestowed during award evening, where Organizations / Individuals will be rewarded for the contributions of their research and their impact on society.

Industrial Awards category:

  • MNC / Large IGCW Awards
  • Medium / Small IGCW Awards
  • Academic / Scientist IGCW Awards
  • Students IGCW Awards


The IGCW award is an opportunity for individual student or professor, Research groups, Institutes, government laboratories, universities, Large scale Industries, MNC’s, start-up companies and small to medium scale industries to compete for awards in recognition of innovations in cleaner, cheaper, smarter chemistry. Through this award we want to provide national recognition of outstanding chemical technologies that incorporate the principles of green chemistry into chemical design, manufacture, and use, and that have been or can be utilized by industry in achieving their pollution prevention goals.

IGCW-Green Innovation Awards held in 2011 grew 50% bigger than when it was held in 2009, which translates into a large scale participation of Organizations / Individuals committed towards implementation of Green Chemistry based technologies.


IGCW-2011 award winners included Orchid Pharma, Steps, Gharda Institute of Technology won by Mr. Taher S. Dakorwala, Praj and Dr. Kula Kamal Senapati, Dept. of Chemistry Guwahati University, Assam, Praj Matrix Innovation Centre, Dr. G D Yadav, Dr. Bob Peoples and Dr. Pete Myers.


2011 Award Nominees:

Large & MNC SME Knowledge Community Students
Orchid Pharma Deven Super Criticals Prof S Kotha – IIT-B, Mumbai Kula Kamal Senapati – Guwahati University
Tata Chemicals Limited – Innovation Centre HyCa Technologies Prof RBN Prasad -IICT Hyderabad S M Gore – IIT-M, Chennai
Reliance technology Group, Reliance Ltd ChemieSynth Ltd Taher S Dakorwala., Gharda Institute of Science, & Technology ( GIST ), Mumbai Dr.S.Shanmuga Priya, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Karnataka
Praj Industries STEPS Prof S Dutta – Tezpur Central University Mr. Dipak Vitthal Pinjari Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai


IGCW-2009 award winners included PI Industries Ltd., Biosynth Group IITB, Prof. R B. N Prasad and Catapharma.

Submission details:

Industries, researchers and scientists, academia world-wide, committed to implement Green Chemistry based solutions are welcome to present an abstract for Industrial Green Chemistry Award recognition on topics pertinent to the IGCW themes. Self-nominations are allowed and expected. For nomination, formal registration for the workshop is mandatory.

The last day for submitting award nomination is 15th October, 2013. IGCW will acknowledge the receipt of nominations, by email. All abstracts will be reviewed by the Scientific Committee and relevant notifications about acceptance or rejection will be sent out to the presenting author by 30th October 2013. Three entries from each category will be shortlisted and will be given complimentary registration to convention along with hospitality. The award will be presented during an evening ceremony to be held at IGCW on first of convention 6th December 2013 to one recipient in each category.


Genesis: Green Chemistry

Chemistry is the most ancient of mankind’s sciences. Centuries of discoveries, experimentation and research yielded slow results, but as the world entered the 20th century, the growing need to prevent pandemics, the world wars and a fast growing population accelerated the growth in the chemical industry. And as the years have progressed, the need has grown exponentially. But with this accelerated growth, what got left behind, is the legacy of knowledge, which led to an exponential growth creating thousands of new products being manufactured by a multitude of chemistries, but what never got questioned is the environmental impact of these products, both before and after its manufacturing and to a larger extent, during the manufacturing process itself. The adverse impacts of such chemicals and processes were affecting the environment and life. However, the need of the hour, then was more on developing, introducing, innovating new products and molecules the concern of sustainability then, was not even in the hindsight.

In the late 80s and early 90s, we realized the devastating impact of chemicals used in manufacturing processes It was this realization that lead Prof. Paul Anastas & Dr. John Warner during the late 90s to formulate certain rules and principles of green chemistry, as structure to the science. But the world of chemistry is ever evolving, and rapid growth has led to many changes and revisions to the chemical industry. As the regulations changed, as consumer references changed, so did green chemistry practices. But costs and sustainability were still a question.

Scientists needed to break the vicious cycle of chemical production. For instance, the processes that are used for the manufacturing of generic APIs or Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and its intermediates already generate substantial pollution in the form of aqueous effluents.

The toxicity of the aqueous effluents which gets generated from a pharmaceuticals’ manufacturing unit is just one edge of the problem, the other and perhaps more looming is the sheer quantity of its effluent load, which is best comprehended by Prof. Roger Sheldon of Delft University in his study of calculating the Environmental Factor (E-factor) for various industry sectors.

The E-factor calculation is defined by the ratio of the mass of waste per unit of product:

E-factor = total waste (kg) / product (kg)

The metric is very simple to understand and to use. It highlights the waste produced in the process as opposed to the reaction, thus helping those who try to fulfil one of the twelve principles of green chemistry to avoid waste production. E-factors ignore recyclable factors such as recycled solvents and re-used catalysts, which obviously increases the accuracy but ignores the energy involved in the recovery (these are often included theoretically by assuming 90 % solvent recovery).

Industry sector

Annual production (t)


produced (t)

Oil refining


Ca. 0.1


Bulk chemicals




Fine chemicals



5 × 102−5 × 105




2.5 × 102−105

As seen here the Pharma industry produces the most amount of waste. You can find out more about E-Factor here:

It is this pollution that leads to an unhealthy environment, further impacting the inhabitants –leading to more complex and large quantities of API molecules that consequently result in more pollution! The vicious cycle needs to be reconsidered and if need be, even reversed!

Green chemistry aims to eliminate hazards right at the design stage. The practice of eliminating hazards from the beginning of the chemical design process has health and environmental benefits throughout the design, production, use/reuse and disposal processes.

One of the principles of green chemistry is to prioritize the use of alternative and renewable materials including the use of agricultural waste or biomass and non-food-related bioproducts. Many Universities and Research organisations are studying the chemical properties of various renewable feedstocks such as Soy, corn, orange peels, etc.

Green Chemistry principles also call for revisiting the Periodic table and evaluate the characteristics of all elements from the green perspective. One of such attempts has been made by the experts’ team at National Science Foundation (NSF).

Other principles focus on prevention of waste, less hazardous chemical syntheses, and designing safer chemicals including safer solvents. Others focus on the design of chemicals products to safely degrade in the environment and efficiency and simplicity in chemical processes. A transformation to green chemistry techniques would result in safer workplaces for industry workers, greatly reduced risks to fenceline communities and safer products for consumers. Because green chemistry processes are more efficient companies would consume less raw materials and energy as well as save money on waste disposal.

Here are the Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry which have the potential to revolutionize everyday living:

  1. Atom Economy
    Synthetic methods should be designed to maximize the incorporation of all materials used in the process into the final product.
  2. Prevention
    It is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it has been created.
  1. Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses
    Wherever practicable, synthetic methods should be designed to use and generate substances that possess little or no toxicity to human health and the environment.
  1. Designing Safer Chemicals
    Chemical products should be designed to effect their desired function while minimizing their toxicity.
  1. Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries
    The use of auxiliary substances (e.g., solvents, separation agents, etc.) should be made unnecessary wherever possible and innocuous when used.
  1. Design for Energy Efficiency
    Energy requirements of chemical processes should be recognized for their environmental and economic impacts and should be minimized. If possible, synthetic methods should be conducted at ambient temperature and pressure.
  1. Use of Renewable Feedstocks
    A raw material or feedstock should be renewable rather than depleting whenever technically and economically practicable.
  1. Reduce Derivatives
    Unnecessary derivatization (use of blocking groups, protection/ deprotection, temporary modification of physical/chemical processes) should be minimized or avoided if possible, because such steps require additional reagents and can generate waste.
  1. Catalysis
    Catalytic reagents (as selective as possible) are superior to stoichiometric reagents.
  1. Design for Degradation
    Chemical products should be designed so that at the end of their function they break down into innocuous degradation products and do not persist in the environment.
  1. Real-time analysis for Pollution Prevention
    Analytical methodologies need to be further developed to allow for real-time, in-process monitoring and control prior to the formation of hazardous substances.
  1. Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention
    Substances and the form of a substance used in a chemical process should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases, explosions, and fires.

This is where the scope of green chemistry gets intervened . The term is defined as the invention, design and application of chemical products and processes to reduce or to eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.  It’s evident from the definition that the science is not merely a preventive one, but actively seeks to stop or at least minimize any chemical pollution. There are a set of rules that define the science and make it a holistic science that can be applied to all levels of production to achieve the final goal of controlling toxicity in the environment.

Incidents such as the Bhopal Gas Tragedy have slowly and surely begun to address the need for green chemistry. Chemical industry sectors are understandably reluctant to change or modify their tried and tested existing hardware and methods in exchange for adopting “greener” ways; neither perceives the regulatory requirements as an innovation driver for meeting triple bottom line profits. But stringent environmental laws, environmental awareness and the realization that it can even lead to cost reduction has popularized green chemistry. The market demands sustainability and that’s what the manufacturers have to provide. The governments across the world are now encouraging green chemistry technologies and we hope that as quickly as chemistry evolved in the past few years, green chemistry evolves even quicker!